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The Eight Cognitive Functions

My name is Erik Thor, and my goal is to use personality psychology to help people actualize into their best version of themselves. If you enjoyed this article, consider becoming a patron. Thanks so much for reading and sharing my ideas! 
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How the 16 Personalities Think

The Cognitive Functions. What is Introverted iNtuition and what is Introverted Feeling? Firstly, the cognitive functions explain how you think and make decisions. Secondly, there are eight cognitive functions and they describe how we process information and more. There are Introverted iNtuitives that prefer to understand the world conceptually. There are the Extroverted Sensors that prefer to deal with life practically.

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So how do you think about the world? To get started, first take my cognitive function test and figure out how your mind works based on your personality type. Then keep reading to learn all about the cognitive functions.

What are the Cognitive Functions?

(Ni) What is Introverted iNtuition?

Introverted iNtuition is an existential reflection-process found in the INFJ and INTJ. It is strongest during times of alone time and focus. If you're an introverted iNtuitive, you take a theoretical approach to life. You formulate concepts about life and visualise the future. Introverted iNtuitives are natural Sages and Seers.

(Ne) What is Extroverted iNtuition?

Extroverted iNtuition is a Detective and pattern-spotter. You find this function in ENFPs and ENTPs. You enjoy novelty and change. You pursue opportunity and new experiences. Extroverted iNtuitives reflect on new patterns and new ideas. You try to figure out how things work.

(Fe) What is Extroverted Feeling?

Extroverted Feeling is the cognitive function of a Promoter (ESFJ) or Advocate (ENFJ). This process makes you interpersonally aware and focused on relationships and connections with other people.

(Fi) What is Introverted Feeling?

I call this cognitive function the Counsellor (INFP) or Artist (ISFP). This cognitive function is intropersonal and self-reflective. You look firstly at yourself and your own inner world and beliefs. You try to understand yourself and your values and to live life in accordance with your ethical compass.

(Ti) What is Introverted Thinking?

The Mechanic or Scientist. This cognitive function is mostly found in the INTP and ISTP. It's an analytical function, like Introverted Feeling, and processes decisions carefully. It spots options and pro's and con's with different decisions. It's efficient and process oriented.

(Te) What is Extroverted Thinking?

Extroverted Thinking is an impartial decision function found in the ENTJ and ESTJ. It is enterprising and businessminded. It makes decisions quickly and monitors results and performance. Extroverted Thinkers study what tools and resources are necessary to get the job done well.

(Se) What is Extroverted Sensing?

ESFP and ESTP personality types have the strongest Extroverted Sensing. This function is playful and attentive. It likes to be active and alert and to live in the here-and-now.

(Si) What is Introverted Sensing?

Introverted Sensing is most found in ISTJ and ISFJ personality types. This function is cautious and reserved. It plans and prepares for situations ahead of time. It tries to organise and control its surroundings.

Master the eight cognitive functions

Every cognitive function represents one value, like intuition, sensing, feeling or thinking, combined with one attitude. An attitude can be either introversion or extroversion. Introverted and Extroverted Feeling represents the same value, but a different attitude and approach. The introverted attitude is top-down. It forms an assumption and then goes out into the world to test that assumption.

The extroverted approach is bottom-up. It observes the world around and then forms a personal assumption based on the information that is perceived. Extroverted Feeling types will have a discussion with the team, focusing on the values of other people. It will then use the insight it has gained to form a value or belief about the world. Introverted Feeling types will first observe their own feelings and experiences and then try to express or convey these values to the outside world. This is the quality of an artist and can be described as self-expression in its most pure form.

The Cognitive Functions In Flow

Watch the full video on Carl Jung's Cognitive Functions on YouTube

What is your strongest cognitive function?

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The Eight Cognitive Functions

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