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Hey everyone, I’m Erik Thor, an expert on using personality psychology for flow and personal development.

The 16 Traits That Make A Polymath: How To Become A Renaissance Person

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In today’s article, I’m going to break down the sixteen traits of a polymath and how to be one. First off, what exactly is a polymath? At its core, a polymath is someone who has acquired a wide array of skills and abilities. A person who thrives on learning and excelling across diverse fields. You don’t necessarily need to master all of the traits listed below – that would be a superhuman! But these traits exemplify the multifaceted and gifted minds of polymaths and highlight how polymaths think and operate differently from others.

How I Became Diversely Skilled

The idea of being a polymath has always fascinated me. I’m speaking from personal experience here—I consider myself a polymath with a broad expertise, primarily in psychology. However, my curiosity and passion for learning have led me to also become a programmer, a former politician, and a content creator. I’ve always believed that if you’re curious enough, no field is too distant to explore. This belief has propelled me to constantly push the boundaries of my knowledge and skills, never allowing anything to stop or limit me from achieving my goals.

I’m a Jungian analyst and an advocate for personal growth and positive psychology. I’ve explored the depths of personality psychology and storytelling to share insights on personal growth. My path to polymathy wasn’t a straight line—it had a lot of shifts and transformations in it. From delving into the intricacies of human psychology to programming algorithms. From navigating the complex world of politics to creating engaging content, each step on my journey has increased my understanding and approach to life.

So, let’s dive into the sixteen traits that define a polymath. These traits are not just skills to be learned; they are aspects of a mindset to be cultivated. They are the building blocks of a life lived fully and deeply, across the spectrum of human endeavor. Whether you’re an aspiring polymath or simply someone eager to expand your horizons, these traits offer a roadmap for personal and professional development that goes beyond the conventional. So let’s talk about the traits of a polymath!

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Part 1: The Traits of a Polymath

So what do you need to be a polymath? These traits not only define a polymath but also serve as guiding ideas for anyone aspiring to broaden their horizons and excel in multiple disciplines.

1. Open-mindedness

At the heart of every polymath is a boundless sense of open-mindedness. This trait is about being receptive to new ideas, perspectives, and fields of study, even those that initially seem unrelated or outside one’s comfort zone. To develop open-mindedness, challenge yourself to explore topics beyond your usual interests. Read books from genres you normally wouldn’t. Engage in conversations with people from diverse backgrounds, and allow yourself to be a beginner again. My journey into programming, for example, began with curiosity and a willingness to explore a field far removed from my expertise in psychology.

2. Optimism

Secondly, optimism is what fuels a polymath’s drive and resilience. It’s the belief that any skill can be learned and any challenge can be overcome with persistence. Cultivate optimism by setting small, achievable goals within new disciplines. Celebrate these victories, no matter how minor, to build confidence and momentum. Remember, every expert was once a beginner.

3. Big-picture Thinking

Thirdly, polymaths have the ability to see the forest for the trees. They understand how different areas of knowledge intersect and influence one another. To enhance your big-picture thinking, practice integrating knowledge from various fields. Look for patterns and connections between seemingly different subjects. This broad view has been crucial in my work as a content creator, where I weave together insights from psychology, politics, and technology to create cohesive narratives.

4. Task-positive

Moving on, rationality involves applying logical thinking to solve problems and make informed decisions. Task-positive types focus on the problems and issues they want to solve, setting their emotions aside for later. It’s about being analytical and evidence-based in your approach. Sharpen your critical mind by engaging in activities that require task-positive thinking, such as playing strategic games, solving puzzles, or debating. These exercises train you to evaluate information objectively and develop sound arguments.

5. Initiative

A polymath doesn’t wait for opportunities; they create them. Initiative is about actively seeking out new knowledge and experiences. To build this trait, start personal projects in areas you’re curious about, whether it’s learning a new language, coding a simple app, or writing on a topic outside your usual field. My entry into politics was driven by initiative, a desire to apply my understanding of human behavior to real-world leadership.

6. Assertiveness

Assertiveness is the confidence to express your ideas and stand up for your beliefs. For a polymath, this means not being afraid to venture into new territories or share unconventional opinions. Improve your assertiveness by practicing public speaking, joining debates, or simply sharing your thoughts in group discussions. Remember, your unique perspective, formed by a diverse set of experiences, is your strength.

7. Precision

Attention to detail is crucial, whether you’re coding, writing, or analyzing data. Precision means striving for accuracy and excellence in everything you do. Hone this trait by engaging in activities that require meticulous attention, such as editing work for clarity and correctness, practicing a musical instrument, or learning a craft. In my programming work, precision is non-negotiable—it’s the difference between a functioning app and a buggy mess.

8. Independence

Finally, independence is about being self-reliant in your learning and problem-solving. It’s the ability to pursue knowledge without needing constant guidance. Foster independence by setting your own learning goals, finding resources, and evaluating your progress. This trait has been vital for me as a content creator, where I often have to learn new skills on the fly to keep my content fresh and engaging.

9. Adaptability

In an ever-changing world, adaptability is a polymath’s superpower. It allows you to move between different fields of study and adjust to new information or challenges quickly. To become more adaptable, put yourself in new, strange situations. Travel, if you can, or take up hobbies that are outside your comfort zone. Learning to code in several programming languages taught me the value of adaptability, showing me that the core concepts can often be more important than the specific syntax of any one language.

10. Collaborativeness

While independence is crucial, so is the ability to work effectively with others. Collaborativeness ensures that you can share ideas, learn from others, and contribute to projects bigger than yourself. Enhance this trait by engaging in team sports, group projects, or community initiatives. My experiences in politics highlighted the importance of collaborativeness, where success often hinges on the ability to navigate complex human dynamics and work towards a common goal.

11. Modesty

A polymath knows there’s always more to learn. Modesty is about recognizing your limitations and being open to new insights from every experience. It prevents arrogance and fosters a lifelong pursuit of knowledge. To cultivate modesty, seek feedback regularly, mentor others (and be mentored), and reflect often on your journey. My foray into different fields has been humbling, constantly reminding me that mastery is a perpetual journey, not a destination.

12. Stability

The pursuit of polymathy can be ever-changing. Stability is your emotional and psychological anchor through it all. It involves maintaining composure and persisting in the face of setbacks. Develop stability through practices like meditation, journaling, and setting long-term goals. My own journey has had its share of challenges, from the steep learning curves of new languages to the intricacies of content creation, teaching me the value of emotional resilience.

13. Agreeableness

Being agreeable doesn’t mean sacrificing your beliefs or conforming blindly. It’s about fostering harmony and understanding in interactions with others, recognizing the value in different perspectives. You can enhance agreeableness by practicing active listening, engaging in volunteer work, and learning about conflict resolution. My engagement in diverse fields has highlighted the importance of agreeableness, particularly in collaborative and interdisciplinary projects.

14. Presence

In a world that constantly pulls our attention in multiple directions, the ability to be fully present is invaluable. Presence allows a polymath to engage deeply with the task at hand, whether it’s learning, creating, or solving problems. Improve your presence by practicing mindfulness, participating in activities that require concentration like painting or sports, and minimizing distractions. My work across various disciplines has taught me the power of being present, whether I’m analyzing data or crafting a story.

15. Prioritization

With interests in multiple fields, a polymath must master the art of prioritization to focus on what’s most important at any given time. This involves setting clear goals, managing time effectively, and making strategic decisions about where to allocate your energy. To get better at prioritization, use tools like to-do lists, prioritize tasks based on urgency and importance, and learn to say no to distractions. Balancing roles in psychology, politics, programming, and content creation has honed my prioritization skills, ensuring I remain productive and focused on my goals.

16. Skepticism

Lastly, a healthy dose of skepticism is essential for a polymath. It encourages questioning assumptions, critically analyzing information, and not taking knowledge at face value. Cultivate skepticism by engaging in scientific research, philosophical inquiry, and critical discussion forums. My journey has been marked by skepticism, from questioning psychological theories to critically evaluating political ideologies. Move forward, always with the aim of getting closer to the truth.

Part 2: Balancing the Traits of a Polymath

Achieving polymathy isn’t just about developing a set of traits; it’s about harmonizing them. Polymaths are adept at balancing seemingly opposing characteristics. Blend them in a way that enhances your ability to learn, create, and innovate. This balance is crucial, as it allows you to navigate complex challenges, integrate diverse knowledge. It will help you remain adaptable in an ever-changing world.

Integrating Opposing Traits

One of the hallmarks of a polymath is the ability to balance initiative with precision. Initiative drives polymaths to dive into new fields and start projects, while precision ensures attention to detail and accuracy in their endeavors. Balancing these traits means knowing when to leap into a new learning journey and when to slow down and focus on the finer points. This balance prevents the spread of oneself too thin while ensuring that efforts lead to high-quality outcomes.

Similarly, open-mindedness and prioritization are critical traits that, when balanced, enable polymaths to explore widely yet focus deeply where it matters most. Open-mindedness invites a wealth of ideas and possibilities, but without prioritization, it’s easy to become overwhelmed or distracted. By prioritizing, polymaths can dedicate their energy to pursuits that are most meaningful and impactful, ensuring that their openness leads to tangible progress rather than endless exploration.

Examples of Polymaths

Leonardo da Vinci, the quintessential polymath, exemplified the balance between broad interests and focused projects. His curiosity spanned anatomy, engineering, art, and more, yet he delved deeply into each subject, producing works of profound detail and accuracy. Da Vinci’s notebooks, filled with sketches, scientific diagrams, and observations, reveal a mind that was both explorative and meticulous. He was capable of switching from the design of a flying machine to the intricacies of a human muscle with equal precision.

Marie Curie, another exemplary polymath, balanced her deep commitment to science with a keen sense of societal responsibility. Her pioneering research in radioactivity (a term she coined) was matched by her initiative to use her discoveries for the benefit of medicine. Curie’s work ethic, driven by curiosity and a desire to contribute to the greater good, showcases how polymaths can balance personal interests with the needs of the wider community.

Practical Exercises

To develop and balance these traits in your own life, consider the following activities:

  • Reflective Journaling: Regularly reflect on your pursuits, noting how you’re balancing initiative with precision and open-mindedness with prioritization. Identify areas for improvement and set goals to enhance your balance.
  • Project Rotation: Dedicate blocks of time to different interests, alternating between exploring new fields (open-mindedness) and focusing on specific projects (prioritization). This practice helps you manage your diverse interests without losing depth or focus.
  • Skill-Swap Studies: Pair up with a friend who has a skill or knowledge area you’re unfamiliar with. Teach each other your respective skills. Foster both open-mindedness (by learning something new) and precision (by teaching your skill in detail).


The road to becoming a polymath is rich and rewarding. Developing the 16 traits outlined in this guide is the first step, but learning to balance them is where the true art of polymathy lies. This balance is not static. It’s a dynamic equilibrium that shifts as you explore new territories, deepen your expertise, and evolve in your interests.

As you continue on, remember that polymathy is not about reaching a pinnacle of knowledge in multiple fields. It’s also about embracing the journey of lifelong learning. It’s a journey that promises not just a breadth of knowledge. You have a genuine chance to inspire others around you.

So, take these traits, exercises, and examples as your guide. but keep in mind that every polymath you meet is as unique as you are. Embrace your curiosity, foster your diversity of interests, and let the journey of becoming an omnimath enrich your life in ways you never imagined possible.


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